Natural Disaster Management
Every year, tornadoes, hurricanes and other natural disasters injure and kill thousands of people and damage billions of dollars worth of property in the United States. Most of the times, it is almost impossible to prevent the occurrence of these disasters and their damages. However it is possible to reduce their impact by adopting suitable disaster management strategy. Disaster management is a systematic approach towards preparing for disaster before it happens and includes disaster response - emergency evacuation, quarantine, mass econtamination - as well as supporting and ebuilding society after natural disasters have occurred. Efficient disaster management relies on thorough integration of emergency plans at all levels of government and non-government involvement.
Disaster preparedness, emergency management and post disaster recovery is highly dependent on economic and social conditions local to the disaster. However, the basics steps for disaster management remain same in all scenarios. Preparedness is the first step to counter disaster, which involves developing plan of action and it, includes communication, chain of command development, proper maintenance and training of emergency services and development of emergency warning systems along with emergency shelters and evacuation plans.
Next step is response, which includes mobilization of the necessary emergency services such as firefighters, police, and ambulance that may be supported by a number of secondary emergency services, such as specialist rescue teams. Recovery from disaster involves restoration of the affected area including destroyed property, re-employment and redevelopment of essential infrastructure. Mitigation efforts attempt at preventing hazards from developing into disasters or reducing the impact of disasters and it focuses on longterm measures for reducing or eliminating future risks.
The following report - Natural Disaster Management – is a detailed guide for communities and emergency operations team to develop and maintain a viable disaster management and recovery plan. The report explains in details the concept of disaster management and various steps from planning to prepare against any disaster. It further highlights the role of government agencies and local authorities at the time of disaster as well as before and after it. It also discusses long and short-term goals for mitigation, planning and recovery from disaster along with initiatives that U.S. government has taken in recent years. The report has a special focus on management of energy infrastructure during the time of disaster and presents a checklist for emergency response and recovery.